CLOSE

Blackbox 3D Printer

Open Source Tool Changing 3D Printer

Blackbox 3D Printer

Open Source Tool Changing 3D Printer

Project

Open Source Project

Challenge

Multimaterial printer with the ability to combine difficult materials such as TPU and nylon in a single printing process.

Outcome

3D printer with water-cooled interchangeable extruder. Depending on requirements, additional extruders and tools can be added.

Project

Open Source Project

Challange

Multimaterial printer with the ability to combine difficult materials such as TPU and nylon in a single printing process.

Outcome

3D printer with water-cooled interchangeable extruder. Depending on requirements, additional extruders and tools can be added.

Multimaterial

FDM printing is not just one of the slowest 3D printing processes; it also lacks accuracy and requires support structures. But in some aspects, they can still exceed High-end printing processes such as selective laser sintering or poly fusion. While these processes can produce accurate parts consistently, they struggle when it comes to material diversity. And that’s when FDM shines. You can print almost any thermoplastics like PLA, ABS, ASA, TPU, Nylon, PEEK and even Polyimide – which can withstand crazy temperatures. But the best part about it, these Materials can be combined. Multitool printing enables entirely new ways to design and fabricate things previously rendered impossible.

 

I’m taking part in this year’s Hackaday Prize with the Blackbox project, any support, likes and shares are welcome and very well appreciated!

Multimaterial

FDM printing is not just one of the slowest 3D printing processes; it also lacks accuracy and requires support structures. But in some aspects, they can still exceed High-end printing processes such as selective laser sintering or poly fusion. While these processes can produce accurate parts consistently, they struggle when it comes to material diversity. And that’s when FDM shines. You can print almost any thermoplastics like PLA, ABS, ASA, TPU, Nylon, PEEK and even Polyimide – which can withstand crazy temperatures. But the best part about it, these Materials can be combined. Multitool printing enables entirely new ways to design and fabricate things previously rendered impossible.

 

I’m taking part in this year’s Hackaday Prize with the Blackbox project, any support, likes and shares are welcome and very well appreciated!

Open Source

Completely free and open source, including source files!

Printsize

300x300x240mm ( XYZ)

Exchangable Toolheads

Tiny tools can be picked up at any stage of the print

Shared Watercooling

The tool bank and X-axis are water-cooled and cool the tools passively when docked.

Hybrid Extruder

The Tools are small and simple, additional tools stay affordable

Blackbox_iso_small_04
Blackbox_iso_small_02

Slim tool design

Due to the narrow tools, motorized and complicated tool changers can be dispensed with.

Hybrid Toolhead

Small bowden driven switchable tools along with a permanent direct drive Extruder

The extruder is based on an optimized Bondtech BMG, but the distance between the hot end and the extruder has been shortened compared to the original. The dual drive gears, along with the shortened gap between hotend and drive gears makes the extruder particularly suitable for precise printing of flexible materials.

  • Water Tubing
  • Filament Channel
  • Spring Loaded Extruder
  • Kinematic Tool Coupling
  • Endstop
  • Mastercooler
  • Hotend T0
  • Fan
  • Tool Retainer
  • Passive Cooler
  • Hotend T1

Kinematic Coupling

The tool is exchanged between toolbank and X-Axis by a retainer, along with a quasi kinematic coupling system ensuring repeatable accuracy

Detachable Fans

The fans are Slide locked into the Extruder and can easily be detached for unrestricted access to the hotend

Dual Filament Drive Gears

Dual drive gears and short gap between hot end and drive gears ensures uniform extrusion, even with flexible materials

Integrated Belt Tensioner

Correct belt tension is important because the angle of the XY axes depends on it and it´s a crucial factor to achive quality prints

Silicone leak blocker

Silicone wiper prevent material oozing from the inactive extruder

Offset Tools

The tools are slightly offset to ensure safe operation and prevent oozing into the print

Belted Z-Axis

The affordable 1:25 pulley reduction on the Z-Axis is capable of tiny layer heights and fast Z-Hops. It can do fast feedrates which enable true 3D movement.

Technical Data

General

Frame

T-Slot 40×40, 20×20, 20×60

Housing

Lasercut Acryl, easily detachable

Dimensions

Frame Size

570x520x428mm (WxDxH)

Print Size

300x300x240mm (XYZ)

Tools

Printhead

Permanently mounted direct drive Extruder

Tools

Up to 3 exchangable bowden tools

Feeder

Dual drive gear optimized for flexible materials

Cooling

Water cooled

Hotend

Dice V2, E3D compatible

Heatbreak

E3D Chimera/Kraken

Kinematics

XY-Axis

Core XY

Z-Axis

Belt driven Z-Axis with 1:20 pulley reduction

Participate Now!

Join the Community!

Become a Patreon

Talk about it!

Blackbox is the vision of a 3D printer which pushes the boundaries of fused filament fabrication towards a multitool fabrication robot. It is an open-source project down to the source files, and everyone is invited to participate! There are already few but skilled people contributing actively to this project.

Join the Team and work on this Project with the community. You can help designing new tools, implementing enhancements or fixing bugs. We are currently converting the Rhino files to Fusion 360 and everyone is invited to join! Visit the Forum or step by the discord channel to get to know the community!

If you don´t have time to participate directly but still want to support the project, you can become a Patreon! I´ll share exclusive source files of all my creations with my patreons, and it helps me to push jobs, test more ideas, and create more content!

Outreach is everything these days. But my channels are limited, by sharing liking and reposting this project you help to find encouraging people sharing the Blackbox vision.

Participate Now!

Blackbox is the vision of a 3D printer which pushes the boundaries of fused filament fabrication. It is an open-source project down to the source files, and everyone is invited to participate! There are already few but skilled people contributing actively to this project.

Join the Community!

Join the Team and work on this Project with the community. You can help designing new tools, implementing enhancements or fixing bugs. We are currently converting the Rhino files to Fusion 360 and everyone is invited to join! Visit the Forum to get to know the community!

Become a Patreon

If you don´t have time to participate directly but still want to support the project, you can become a Patreon! I´ll share exclusive source files of all my creations with my patreons, and it helps me to push jobs, test more ideas, and create more content!

Talk about it!

Outreach is everything these days. But my channels are limited, by sharing liking and reposting this project you help to find encouraging people sharing the Blackbox vision.

Build your own Blackbox

Build your own Blackbox

Blackbox is mostly built with off the shelf parts making it easy to replicate. Printed pieces got very few overhangs and are highly optimized for troublefree printing. The only CNC milled parts are for the water-cooled tool-changer. It´s also possible to build an air-cooled version with any Nema 17 based extruder.

We are working on updates and better documentation, sign up to the newsletter by downloading the source files so you won´t miss major updates!

All files are released according to the following license unless specified differently in the file or directory: CC-by-NC

Icon

Blackbox STEP

Source File ...

66.22 MB 133 downloads

Icon

Blackbox Fusion 360

Community File ...

7.8 MB 167 downloads
Icon

Blackbox BOM

Curated and sparsely updated ...

8kb 221 downloads
Icon

Blackbox Catalog

Generated Partlist ...

0.00 KB 194 downloads
All Projects All Projects